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Shankar IAS Notes

Shankar IAS Notes Environment And Ecology Chapter – 1 MCQ






Shankar IAS Environment Ecology




Shankar IAS  Environment Ecology



1.The oikos is word meaning is








2. Choose the correct statement








3. According to shelford law of tolerance the organ is wide involvement fector tolerance limits show








4. The natural place of an organisation or community is known as








5. plant growing under direct sunlight are known as








6. Maximum Global biodiversity found in the








7. Ecotone is








8. Which of the following statements is correct with respect to the food chain








9. Choose correct order of ecological organisation








10. Saprotrophs are








11. Which of the following requires maximum energy








12. Which is not the characteristics of a population








13. The ratio between energy flow at different points in a food chain is known as








14. The ability of a population to increase under ideal environmental condition is called










Shankar IAS Notes Environment And Ecology






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Shankar IAS Notes

Shankar IAS Notes Environment And Ecology Chapter – 1 MCQ FOR UPSC CSE | MCQNA

1.The oikos is word meaning is




2. Choose the correct statement




3. According to shelford law of tolerance the organ is wide involvement fector tolerance limits show




4. The natural place of an organisation or community is known as




5. plant growing under direct sunlight are known as




6. Maximum Global biodiversity found in the




7. Ecotone is




8. Which of the following statements is correct with respect to the food chain




9. Choose correct order of ecological organisation




10. Saprotrophs are




11. Which of the following requires maximum energy




12. Which is not the characteristics of a population




13. The ratio between energy flow at different points in a food chain is known as




14. The ability of a population to increase under ideal environmental condition is called




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Shankar IAS Notes

Shankar IAS notes pdf | UPSC Question Bank for MCQ | McQna

  

ENVIRONMENTAL AND ECOLOGY BY SHANKAR IAS

Shankar notes environment and ecology

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ECOLOGY

1. ECOLOGY

  • History of Ecology
  • Environment and its Components
  • Levels of Organisation
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2. FUNCTIONS OF AN ECOSYSTEM

  • Energy Flow
  • Food Chain
  • Food Web
  • Ecological Pyramid
  • Pollutants and Trophical Level
  • Biotic Interaction
  • Bio-Geochemical Cycle
  • Ecological Succession

3. TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEM

  • Tundra
  • Forest Ecosystem
  • Indian Forest Types
  • Deforestation
  • Grassland Ecosystem
  • Desert Ecosystem (Thar & Cold)
  • Desertification
  • INDIAN State of forest report, 2017
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4. AQUATIC ECOSYSTEM

  • Aquatic Organism
  • Lake Ecology
  • Eutrophication
  • Harmful Algal bloom
  • Wetland Ecosystem
  • Estuary Ecosystem
  • Mangrove Ecosystem
  • Coral Reefs
  • Initiatives to Protect Coastal Environment
  • Ganga Action Plan
  • Namami Ganga Program
  • Clean Ganga Fund

5. ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION

  • Pollutants
  • Air Pollution
  • Water Pollution
  • Soil Pollution
  • Noise Pollution
  • Radio Active Pollution
  • E-Waste
  • Solid Waste
  • Thermal Pollution
  • Plastics Pollution
  • Bio-Remediation
  • Environmental Pollution and Health
  • Acid Rain
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6. RENEWABLE ENERGY

  • Solar Energy
  • Wind Energy
  • Hydro Power
  • Ocean Thermal Energy
  • Cogeneration
  • Waste to Energy
  • Geothermal Energy
  • Fuel Cells

7. ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES

  • Indian Himalayan Region
  • Sand Mining in India
  • Palm Oil – Environmental Issues
  • Colony Collapse Disorder
  • Wildlife Deaths Due to Collision With Trains
  • Impact of Radiation
  • Genetically Engineered Trees
  • MOEF Banned Dolphin Captivity
  • Prohibition of Removal of Shark Fins in the Sea
  • Cost of Environmental Degradation in India

8. ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT

  • The Need for EIA
  • EIA Cycle and its Procedures
  • Components of EIA
  • Procedure of Public Hearing
  • Drawbacks and Recommendations of EIA
  • Environmental supplemental plan

PART-II

BIODIVERSITY

9. BIODIVERSITY

  • Biodiversity
  • Red Data Book

10. INDIAN BIODIVERSITY

  • Indian Bio-Geographical Classification
  • Fauna Diversity
  • Flora Diversity
  • Indian Wildlife

11. SCHEDULE ANIMALS OF WPA, 1972

  • Schedule List – WPA

12. ANIMAL DIVERSITY OF INDIA

  • Mammal Critically endangered
  • Marine Mammals
  • Egg Laying Mammals
  • Birds Critically endangered
  • Corals
  • Bird Migration
  • Wild Life Disease
  • Species Extinction
  • Man- Animal Conflict
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13. PLANT DIVERSITY OF INDIA

  • Plant Classification
  • Effect of Abiotic Components on Plants
  • Insectivorous Plant
  • Invasive Alien Species
  • Invasive Alien Flora of India
  • Medicinal Plants
  • Tree Characters

14. MARINE ORGANISM

  • Plankton
  • Phyto-Plankton
  • Sea Grass
  • Sea Weed

15. PROTECTED AREA NETWORK

  • National Initiative
  • Wildlife Sanctuary and National Parks
  • Conservation Reserves and Community Reserves
  • Coastal Protected Areas
  • Sacred Groves of India
  • Export Prohibited Items
  • Global Initiative
  • Man And Biosphere
  • Biosphere Reserves
  • Biodiversity Hotspots
  • World Heritage Sites

16. CONSERVATION EFFORTS

  • Project Tiger
  • Project Elephant
  • Vulture
  • One Horn Rhinoceros
  • Project Snow Leopard
  • Sea Turtle Project
  • Crocodile Conservation Project
  • Project Hangul
  • Captive Breeding
  • Dolphin
  • Government Measures
  • India Adopt SAWEN

PART-III

CLIMATE CHANGE

17. CLIMATE CHANGE

  • Global Warming
  • Green House Effect
  • Green House Gases
  • Climate Forcing
  • Global Warming Potential
  • Receding Glaciers. A Symptom of Global Climate Change

18. OCEAN ACIDIFICATION

19. OZONE DEPLETION

20. IMPACT OF CLIMATE CHANGE – INDIA

  • Agriculture and Food Security
  • Water Stress and Water Insecurity
  • Sea Level Rise
  • Ecosystem and Biodiversity
  • Climate Change and Health

21. MITIGATION STRATEGIES

  • Carbon Sequestration
  • Carbon Sink
  • Carbon Credit
  • Carbon Offsetting
  • Carbon Tax
  • Geo-Engineering

22. INDIA AND CLIMATE CHANGE

  • India’s Position on Climate Change
  • Current Actions for Adaptation and Mitigation
  • National Action Plan on Climate Change
  • INDC
  • Indian Network on Climate Change Assessment
  • National Communication (NATCOM)
  • India’s Policy Structure Relevant to GHG Mitigation
  • Green Building
  • Griha
  • National Initiative on Climate Resilient Agriculture
  • BSE Greenex
  • Fame-India Programme
  • Long Term Ecological Observatories (LTEO)
  • The National Adaptation Fund for Climate Change (NAFCC)
  • Other Critical Entities

23. CLIMATE CHANGE ORGANISATIONS

  • UNFCCC
  • KYOTO Protocol
  • Conference of Parties
  • Other Mechanism of UNFCCC
  • REDD and REDD+
  • Global Environment Facilities
  • Climate Smart Agriculture
  • Inter Governmental Panel on Climate Change
  • National Green House Gas Inventories Programme
  • Green Economy
  • Climate Finance Architecture

PART-IV

AGRICULTURE

24. AGRICULTURE

  • Agriculture
  • Crop and its Classification
  • Tillage
  • Cropping System and Pattern
  • Farming System
  • Sustainable Agriculture
  • Organic Farming
  • Integrated Farming System
  • Soil Science

PART-V

25. ACTS AND POLICIES

  • Wild Life Protection Act 1972
  • Environmental Protection Act 1986
  • National Forest Policy 1988
  • Biological Diversity Act 2002
  • Schedule Tribes and Other Forest Dwellers Act 2006
  • Coastal Regulation Zone
  • Bio-Medical Waste Management Rules, 2016
  • E-Waste Management Rules, 2016
  • Plastic Waste Management (PWM) Rules, 2016
  • Wetland Rules 2010
  • Nation Green Tribunal
  • The Ozone Depleting Substances Rules

26. INSTITUTION AND MEASURES

  • National Wide Life Action Plan
  • National Afforestation And Eco-Development Board
  • CAMPA
  • Joint Forest Management
  • Social Forestry
  • National Bamboo Mission
  • CEPI
  • Lighting a Billion Lives
  • Eco-Mark
  • National Clean Energy Fund
  • National Mission for Electric Mobility
  • Science Express – Bio Diversity Special
  • Mangrove for Future

27. ENVIRONMENTAL ORGANISATIONS

  • Animal Welfare Board
  • Central Zoo Authority
  • National Bio Diversity Authority
  • Wildlife Crime Control Bureau
  • National Lake Conservation Plan
  • National Ganga River Basin Authority

28. INTERNATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL CONVENTIONS

  • United Nations Conference on Environment and Development
  • Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)
  • Ramsar Convention On Wetlands
  • CITES
  • The Wildlife Trade Monitoring Network (TRAFFIC)
  • Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species (CMS)
  • Coalition Against Wildlife Trafficking (CAWT)
  • International Tropical Timber Organization (ITTO)
  • United Nations Forum on Forests (UNFF)
  • IUCN
  • Global Tiger Forum (GTF)
  • Stockholm Convention
  • Basel Convention
  • Rotterdam Convention
  • United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification
  • International Whaling Commission (IWC)
  • Vienna Convention and Montreal Protocol
  • Kigali Agreement
  • Globally Important Agriculture Heritage Systems
  • Minamata Convention

29. ENVIRONMENT ISSUES AND HEALTH EFFECTS

  • Toxicology Effects
  • Diseases Caused by Environmental Degradation
  • Miscellaneous Topics – CHIPKO Movements
  • APPIKO Movements
  • The National Wastelands Development Board