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Spectrum History

Spectrum Modern India History MCQ | Rajeev Ahir History

Although there is a lot of modern India history book in the market for UPSC, Rajiv Ahir has written a book “History of Modern India by Spectrum Publication”. It has a different identity. the spectrum book will answer the question of the history of modern India.  The highest question in history comes from the history of modern India. There should be a plan to read the history of modern India, because of this, a new initiative has been started in which questions will be answered in MCQ format from all the chapters of the spectrum.

modern History by Rajeev Ahir | spectrum history book


 UNIT 1

SOURCES AND APPROACHES 

Chapter 1
 Sources for the History of

Modern India 

  • Archival Materials 
  • Biographies, Memoirs and Travel Accounts 
  • Newspapers and Journals 
  • Oral Evidence 
  • Creative Literature 
  • Painting 
Click here for MCQ

Chapter 2 
Major Approaches to the History of

Modern India 

  • Colonial Approach/ Historiography 
  • Nationalist Historiography/ Approach 
  • Marxist Historiography/ Approach 
  • Subaltern Approach/ Historiography 
  • Communalist Approach 
  • Cambridge School 
  • Liberal and Neo-Liberal Interpretations
  • Feminist Historiography 

UNIT 2

ADVENT OF EUROPEANS AND

CONSOLIDATION OF BRITISH
POWER IN INDIA

Chapter 3
Advent of the Europeans in India 

  • The portuguese in India
  • The Dutch 
  • The English 
  • The French 
  • The Danes 
  • Why the English Succeeded against 
  • Other European Powers

Boxes

  •   Portuguese Rise and Fall 
  •   Formative Years of the East India Company 
  •   Rise and Fall of Dupleix in India 
  •   About the Goods in Trade Initially 

Chapter 4
India on the Eve of British Conquest 

  • Challenges before the Mughals 
  • Causes of Decline of Mughal Empire 
  • Rise of Regional States 
  • Socio-Economic Conditions

Chapter 5
Expansion and Consolidation of British 
Power in India

  • The British Imperial History 
  • Causes of British Success in India 
  • British Conquest of Bengal 
  • Mysore’s Resistance to the Company 
  • Anglo-Maratha Struggle for Supremacy 
  • Conquest of Sindh 
  • Conquest of Punjab 
  • Extension of British Paramountcy Through

Administrative Policy

  • Relations of British India with Neighbouring

Countries

  • British India and the North-West Frontier 
  • Robert Clive 
  • Estimate of Tipu Sultan 
  • Annexation of Awadh 

UNIT 3

RISING RESENTMENT AGAINST 
COMPANY RULE

Chapter 6
People’s Resistance Against British

Before 1857 

  • People’s Resistance: Meaning 
  • Genesis of People’s Resistance 
  • Civil Uprisings 
  • Peasant Movements with Religious

Overtones 

  • Tribal Revolts 
  • Sepoy Mutinies 
  • Weaknesses of People’s Uprisings 

Chapter 7
The Revolt of 1857 

  • Simmering Discontent 
  • The 1857 Revolt: the Major Causes 
  • Beginning and Spread of the Revolt 
  • Suppression of the Revolt 
  • Why the Revolt Failed 
  • Hindu-Muslim Unity Factor 
  • Nature of the Revolt 
  • Consequences
  • Significance of the Revolt

  •  White Mutiny


UNIT 4

REFORM MOVEMENTS 

Chapter 8
Socio-Religious Reform Movements: 
General Features

  • Factors Giving Rise to Desire for Reform 
  • Social and Ideological Bases of Reform 
  • Direction of Social Reform 

Chapter 9
A General Survey of Socio-Cultural 
Reform Movements

  • Socio-Cultural Reform Movements and their

Leaders 

  • The Servants of India Society
  • The Ramakrishna Movement and Swami

Vivekananda

  • Dayananda Saraswati and Arya Samaj 
  • Radhaswami Movement 
  • Sir Syed Ahmed Khan and the

Aligarh Movement 

UNIT 5

THE STRUGGLE BEGINS 

Chapter 10
Beginning of Modern Nationalism in

India 

  • Factors in the Growth of Modern

Nationalism 

  • Political Associations Before the Indian 
  • National Congress
  • Pre-Congress Campaigns 

Chapter 11
Indian National Congress: Foundation

and the 
Moderate Phase

  • Foundation of Indian National Congress 
  • Era of Moderates (1885-1905) 
  • Contributions of Moderate Nationalists 
  • An Evaluation of the Early Nationalists 

 UNIT 6

NATIONAL MOVEMENT(1905-1918

Chapter 12
Era of Militant Nationalism (1905-1909) 

  • Growth of Militant Nationalism 
  • The Swadeshi and Boycott Movement 
  • The Movement under Extremist Leadership 
  • Annulment of Partition 
  • Evaluation of the Swadeshi Movement 
  • The Surat Split 
  • The Government Strategy 
  • Morley-Minto Reforms of 1909 

Chapter 13
First Phase of Revolutionary Activities 
(1907-1917)

  • Why the Surge of Revolutionary Activities 
  • The Revolutionary Programme 
  • A Survey of Revolutionary Activities 

Chapter 14
First World War and Nationalist

Respons

  • Home Rule League Movement 
  • Lucknow Session of the Indian 
  • National Congress (1916)
  • Montagu’s Statement of August 1917 

UNIT 7

ERA OF MASS NATIONALISM BEGINS 
(1919-1939)

Chapter 15
Emergence of Gandhi 

  • Why Nationalist Resurgence Now 
  • Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms and

Government of India Act, 

  • Making of Gandhi 
  • Gandhi in India 
  • Rowlatt Act, Satyagraha, Jallianwala Bagh

Massacre 

  • The Hunter Committee of Inquiry 
  • Congress View 

Chapter 16
Non-Cooperation Movement and 
Khilafat Aandolan

  • The Khilafat Issue 
  • The Non-Cooperation Khilafat Movement 
  • Why Gandhi Withdrew the Movement 
  • Evaluation of Khilafat Non-Cooperation

Movement 

Chapter 17
Emergence of Swarajists, Socialist

Ideas, Revolutionary Activities and Other

New Forces

  • Swarajists and No-Changers 
  • Emergence of New Forces: Socialistic Ideas,

Youth Power, Trade Unionism

  • Revolutionary Activity During the 1920s 

Chapter 18
Simon Commission and the Nehru

Report 

  • Appointment of the Indian Statutory

Commission 

  • Nehru Report 

Chapter 19
Civil Disobedience Movement and

Round Table Conferences

  • The Run-up to Civil Disobedience

Movement 

  • Civil Disobedience Movement—the Salt

Satyagraha and Other Upsurges

  • Gandhi’s Eleven Demands 
  • Why Salt was Chosen as the

Important Theme 

  • Dandi March (March 12-April 6, 1930) 
  • Gandhi-Irwin Pact 
  • Karachi Congress Session—1931 
  • The Round Table Conferences 
  • Civil Disobedience Resumed 
  • Communal Award and Poona Pact 
  • Gandhi’s Harijan Campaign and

thoughts on Caste 

  • Ideological Differences and Similarities

between Gandhi and Ambedkar


Chapter 20
Debates on the Future Strategy after

Civil Disobedience Movement

  • The First Stage Debate
  • Government of India Act, 1935
  • The Second Stage Debate

Chapter 21
Congress Rule in Provinces 

  • Gandhi’s Advice
  • Work under Congress Ministries
  • Social Welfare Reforms

UNIT 8

TOWARDS FREEDOM AND 
PARTITION (1939-1947)

Chapter 22
Nationalist Response in the Wake of 
World War II

  • Congress Crisis on Method of Struggle 
  • Gandhi and Bose: Ideological Differences 
  • Second World War and Nationalistic

Response 

  • August Offer
  • Cripps Mission 

Chapter 23

Quit India Movement, Demand for Pakistan, 
and the INA

  • Quit India Movement 
  • The Indian National Army and

Subhash Bose 


Chapter 24

Post-War National Scenario 

  • Congress Election Campaign and

INA Trials 

  • Congress Strategy 
  • The Cabinet Mission 
  • Birth and Spread of Communalism in India 
  • Characteristic Features of Indian

Communalism 

  • Evolution of the Two-Nation Theory 

Chapter 25

Independence with Partition 

  • Attlee’s Statement of February 20, 1947
  • Independence and Partition
  • Integration of States

UNIT 9

INDIA UNDER BRITISH RULE: 
GOVERNANCE AND OTHER ASPECTS

Chapter 26

Constitutional, Administrative and

Judicial Developments

  • Constitutional Development between

1773 and 1858 

  • Developments after 1858 till Independence 
  • Simon Commission 
  • Government of India Act, 1935 
  • Evolution of Civil Services in India
  • Evolution of Police System in Modern India
  • Military Under the British
  • Development of Judiciary in British India
  • Major Changes in Administrative

Structure after 1857 

  • Administration: Central, Provincial, Local

Chapter 27

Survey of British Policies in India 

  • Administrative Policies
  • British Social and Cultural Policy in India
  • British Foreign Policy in India


Chapter 28

Economic Impact of British Rule in

India 

  • Deindustrialisation—Ruin of Artisans and

Handicraftsmen

  • Famine and Poverty
  • Commercialisation of Indian Agriculture 
  • Destruction of Industry and Late

Development of  Modern Industry

  • Nationalist Critique of Colonial Economy 
  • Stages of Colonialism in India 


you can also read : M.Laxmikant polity McQna chapter wise 

                              Shankar Ias McQna topic wise                  

Chapter 29

Development of Indian Press 

  • Early Regulations 
  • Struggle by Early Nationalists to

Secure Press Freedom 

  • Vernacular Press Act, 1878 
  • During and After the First World War 


Chapter 30

Development of Education 

  • Under Company Rule 
  • After the Crown Took Over 
  • Development of Vernacular Education 

 

Chapter 31

Peasant Movements 1857-1947  

  • A Survey of Early Peasant Movements 
  • Changed Nature of Peasant Movements

after 1857 

  • Weaknesses 
  • Later Movements 
  • Peasant Activity in Provinces 

Chapter 32

The Movement of the Working Class 

  • During the First World War and After 
  • During and After the Second World War

UNIT 10

INDEPENDENCE AND AFTER 

Chapter 33

Challenges Before the New-born

Nation 

  • First Day of Independent India
  • Radcliffe’s Boundary Award and the

Communal Riots 

  • Challenges Associated with

Division of Resources

  • Assassination of Gandhi 
  • Rehabilitation and Resettlement

of Refugees

  • Communists and Independence

Chapter 34

The Indian States 

  •  The Company’s Struggle for Equality

from a Position of Subordination (1740-1765)

  •  Policy of Subordinate Union (1857-1935)
  •  Policy of Equal Federation (1935-1947):

  A Non-Starter

  •  Integration and Merger

Chapter 35

Making of the Constitution for India 

  • Background
  • Constituent Assembly
  • Evaluation of the Assembly for India


Chapter 36

The Evolution of Nationalist Foreign Policy 

  • 1880 to First World War: Anti-Imperialism

and Pan-Asian Feeling

  • After 1936—Anti-Fascism 
  • After Independence 

Chapter 37

First General Elections 

  • Groundwork for the Elections 
  • Independent India Goes to the Polls for the

First Time


Chapter 38

Developments under Nehru’s Leadership (1947-64) 

  • Political Developments
  • Concept of Planning for Economic

Development

  • Progress of Science and Technology
  • Social Developments
  • Foreign Policy
  • Relations with Neighbours


Chapter 39

After Nehru. . . 

  •  The Lal Bahadur Shastri Years

(June 1964 – January 1966) 

  • The Indo-Pak War
  • Indira Gandhi: the First Phase

(January 1966 to March 1977)

  • The Indo-Pak War of 1971 and the Birth of

Bangladesh 

  • Foreign Policy and Relations with other Countries 
  • The Smiling Buddha 
  • The Janata Party Years

(March 1977 – January 1980)

  • Indira Gandhi: the Second Phase

(January 1980 to October 1984)

  • Punjab Turmoil and Operation Blue Star 
  • The Rajiv Years (October 1984 to December 1989) 
  • The V.P. Singh Years (December 1989 to

November 1990)

  • Mandal Commission Report
  • Mandal to Mandir: the Rath Yatra and Fall of

the Government

  • The Chandra Shekhar Government

(November 1990 to June 1991)

  • The Narasimha Rao Years (June 1991 to May 1996)
  • Rise of the Dalit Voice 
  • Between 1996 and 1999: Three Prime Ministers 
  • Vajpayee’s Short-Lived Term as Prime Minister 
  • United Front Government: Deve Gowda and

I.K. Gujral

  • NDA Years (March 1998 to October 1999)
  • Pokhran II: Operation Shakti 
  • The Lahore Summit 
  • Kargil War 
  • NDA: Second Stint (October 1999 to May 2004)
  • The UPA Years (May 2004 to May 2009;

May 2009 to May 2014)


  • The 2014 General Election 
  • The NDA Government (May 2014 – May 2019)
  • Digital India: a Step Forward in e-Governance 
  • Security 
  • Foreign Relations 
  • Social Situation
  • General Election 2019 and Return of the NDA 




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